Daniel's vision of a ram and a goat occurs in the third year of Belshazzar's reign or B.C. 551. Babylon doesn't fall until B. C. 539. Thirteen years before Babylon becomes invaded by the Persians and Cyrus, Daniel once again sees the fall.
Beyond this, however, Daniel sees the rise of Alexander the Great. He could have been one of the greatest military conquerors in history. However, he died when he was only 32 years of age. The kingdoms he conquered were diveded between his four generals: Cassander took
Vv 1— 8 Vision of the Ram and Goat
V 1 In the third year of the reign of Belshazzar the king a vision appeared to me, Daniel,
subsequent to the one which appeared to me previously.
A. When was the third year of the reign of Belshazzar? 551 B.C.
1. During this year, Daniel has a vision.
2. The vision was the same one which appeared to him previously.
3. How long ago? 2 years after the vision of Chapter 7.
V 2 I looked in the
vision, and while I was looking I was in the citadel of
B. Remember, it is 13 years before
V 3 Then I lifted my eyes and looked, and behold, a ram which had two horns was
standing in front of the canal. Now the two horns were long, but one was longer
than the other, with the longer one coming up last.
C. Two horns represent two kings or kingdoms. The longer horn represents that one
kingdom will be more powerful than the other.
V 4 I saw the ram butting westward, northward, and southward, and no other beasts
could stand before him nor was there anyone to rescue from his power, but he did
as he pleased and magnified himself.
D. Next Daniel sees this ram actually taking countries westward, northward and
towards the south.
1. He took whomever he pleased.
2. He thought of himself as a great and powerful.
V 5 While I was observing, behold, a male goat was coming from the west over the
surface of the whole earth without touching the ground; and the goat had a
conspicuous horn between his eyes.
E. Then a male goat coming from the west, quickly, with a long horn between his eyes.
V 6 He came up to the ram that had the two horns, which I had seen standing in front of
the canal, and rushed at him in his mighty wrath.
F. He made war with the ram with two horns.
V 7 I saw him come beside the ram, and he was enraged at him; and he struck the ram
and shattered his two horns, and the ram had no strength to withstand him. So he
hurled him to the ground and trampled on him, and there was none to rescue the
ram from his power.
G. When they engaged in war, the ram couldn’t withstand they goat with a long horn.
1. The ram was no match for the goat.
2. The goat trampled the ram into the ground.
3. No one could help the ram.
V 8 Then the male goat magnified himself exceedingly. But as soon as he was mighty, the
large horn was broken; and in its place there came up four conspicuous horns
toward the four winds of heaven.
H. Although the male goat made war and proved himself very powerful, soon he was
defeated, broken, Alexander the Great died at age 32.
1. Alexander the
1. Actually, he wasn’t defeated; his kingdom was split after his death.
2. His kingdom was split four directions by four of his generals.
a. Cassander took
c. Seleucus took
d. Ptolemy claimed
Vv 9 – 14 The Little Horn
V 9 Out of one of them came forth a rather small horn which grew exceedingly great
toward the south, toward the east,
and toward the
A. From one of these came a rather small horn: this isn’t to be confused with the small
horn of 7:8
that must come out of the
1. This small horn
was Antiochus IV Epiphanes 175 B.C. of
a. He became great
toward the south,
b. He persecuted the Jews relentlessly.
c. He desecrated the temple by offering pig’s flesh on the altar.
V 10 It grew up to the host of heaven and caused some of the host and some of the stars
to fall to the earth, and it trampled them down.
B. host of heaven is God’s people, the Jews.
1. Antiochus persecuted them severely.
2. The stars representing the fallen Jews, here.
V 11 It even magnified itself to be equal with the Commander of the host; and it removed
the regular sacrifice from Him, and the place of His sanctuary was thrown down.
C. The Commander is God,
1. Antiochus set himself up as God.
2. He caused the sacrifices to stop.
3. He destroyed a portion of the temple.
V 12 And on account of transgression the host will be given over to the horn along with the regular sacrifice; and it will fling truth to the ground and perform its will and
D. Antiochus had his way with the Jews, they could not withstand his power.
1. He stopped the regular sacrifice.
2. He flung truth to the ground.
3. He did anything he wanted to do.
4. And he prospered.
V 13 Then I heard a holy one speaking, and another holy one said to that particular one
who was speaking, How long will the vision about the regular sacrifice apply,
while the transgression causes horror, so as to allow both the holy place and the
host to be trampled?
E. A voice from heaven asks, How long will the regular sacrifice be stopped while the
transgression causes horror and allow the temple and God’s people to be
V 14 He said to me, For 2,300 evenings and mornings; then the holy place will be
F. 2300 days equal 6.39 Jewish years.
1. From 171 B. C. to December 25, 165 B.C.
2. At this time, Judas Maccabeus restored the temple to proper worship.
Vv 15 – 19 Interpretation of the Vision
V 15 When I, Daniel, had seen the vision, I sought to understand it; and behold, standing
before me was one who looked like a man.
A. Since Daniel wanted to understand the vision, God sent someone that looked like a
man to stand before Daniel.
V 16 And I heard the voice of a man between the banks of Ulai, and he called out and
said, Gabriel, give this man an understanding of the vision.
B. Daniel hears the voice of a man before him on the banks
1. The man called to Gabriel.
2. He asked Gabriel to tell Daniel the meaning of his vision.
3. Gabriel’s name means, “Hero of God.”
V 17 So he came near to where I was standing, and when he came I was frightened and
fell on my face; but he said to me, "Son of man, understand that the vision
pertains to the time of the end.
B Although it pertains to the time of the end, notice that the vision starts well before
Christ, and begins with the Medes and Persians.
1. When did the Medes and Persians begin? 539 B.C.
2. So the time of the end began then?
3. No, this just sits the stage for the entrance into the life of Jesus under the Romans
and the beginning of the end that starts with the church age on the day of
V 18 Now while he was talking with me, I sank into a deep sleep with my face to the
ground; but he touched me and made me stand upright.
C. Have you ever heard of Swooning in the Spirit. That’s what happens to Daniel, here.
1. He falls out in front of Gabriel.
2. But the angle touches Daniel and makes him stand upright.
V 19 He said, "Behold, I am going to let you know what will occur at the final period of
the indignation, for it pertains to the appointed time of the end.
D. Hold on because I’m going to reveal the final indignation = Zah’-am1 Strictly, to
froth at the mouth, fury (especially with God’s displeasure at sin). Anger,
indignation, rage. This pertains to the appointed time of the end.
Vv 20 -- 27 The Ram's Identity
V 20 The ram which you
saw with the two horns represents the kings of Media and
A. We already know who, it is the Medo-Persian empire.
V 21 The shaggy goat
between his eyes is the first king.
B. The shaggy goat is
V 22 The broken horn and the four horns that arose in its place represent four kingdoms
which will arise from his nation,
although not with his power.
C. The horn broken into four pieces will represent four kingdoms that will arise from
this nation; however, they will not be nearly as strong as Alexander.
V 23 In the latter
period of their rule,
When the transgressors have run their course,
A king will arise,
Insolent and skilled in intrigue.
D. Antiochus IV Epiphanes 175 B.C. of
V 24 His power will be
mighty, but not by his own power,
And he will destroy to an extraordinary degree
And prosper and perform his will;
He will destroy mighty men and the holy people.
E. These verses just add impetus to the persecution of the Jews of Vv 9-14
V 25 And through his
He will cause deceit to succeed by his influence;
And he will magnify himself in his heart,
And he will destroy many while they are at ease.
He will even oppose the Prince of princes,
But he will be broken without human agency.
F. Notice that his downfall will not be natural but supernatural, by God. He died in B.C. 164 .
V 26 The vision of the
evenings and mornings
Which has been told is true;
But keep the vision secret,
For it pertains to many days in the future.
G. It lasted 6.39 years from B. C. 171 to December 25, 165.
V 27 Then I, Daniel, was exhausted and sick for days Then I got up again and carried on
the king's business; but I was astounded at the vision, and there was none to
H. Daniel remained sick and in bed for days.
1. Finally he returns to work.
2. Although he saw the visions, he could not explain the meaning.
3. We know now by looking back in history that all the events he described came true.
1. What is the date of this chapter?
2. How long since Daniel had his vision in Chapter 7?
3. How was this vision like the one he had in Chapter 7?
4. Where is Daniel at this time?
5. Who did the Ram with the two horns represent?
6. Who did the Shaggy Goat represent?
7. What do the two horns represent?
8. What does the one horn represent on the goat?
9. Where is the
10. How long will the regular sacrifice be cut off?
11. Who did the man call to give Daniel understanding of the vision?
12. When does the vision start?
13. What is the vision for?
14. What does this tell us about the end times?
15. When the one horn broke, four came up in its place, what do the four hours mean?
16. The persecutions of the Jews of Vv 23-25 still depict whom?
17. In comparison, think of Jesus’ words from Matthew 24:21, For then there will be a
great tribulation, such as has not occurred since the beginning of the world until
now, not ever will. These persecutions were horrible!
18. Why were, are and will the Jews be so persecuted? (Your opinion).
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